What is Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) in Menstrual Cup Usage?

Menstrual cups have become a popular alternative to tampons and pads for menstruating individuals. They are affordable, eco-friendly, and can be reused for years. However, there have been concerns regarding the link between menstrual cup usage and Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS), a rare but life-threatening bacterial infection. In this blog, we will discuss what TSS is, its symptoms, causes, and experts' views on its link to menstrual cup usage. We will also debunk popular myths, offer tips on safe menstrual cup usage, and discuss what to do if you suspect you have TSS.

What is Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS)?

TSS is a rare but serious bacterial infection that affects the body's major organs, including the liver, kidneys, and heart. It can be caused by several types of bacteria, including Staphylococcus aureus (staph) and Streptococcus pyogenes (strep). People from any gender or age can get affected with TSS. However, it is most commonly associated with menstruating individuals who use tampons.

Symptoms of Toxic Shock Syndrome

The symptoms of TSS can appear suddenly and worsen quickly. They include fever, low blood pressure, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle aches, and a rash resembling a sunburn. In severe cases, TSS can cause organ failure and even death. You must go to an expert if you see any symptoms.  

Why Does Toxic Shock Syndrome happen?

TSS occurs when bacteria produce toxins that enter the bloodstream and spread throughout the body. The toxins can be produced by any type of bacteria, including those that normally live on the skin or in the vagina. However, certain strains of staph bacteria produce toxins that are particularly harmful and can cause TSS. 

What experts say about Toxic Shock Syndrome and Menstrual Cup Usage?

According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), there is no conclusive evidence that menstrual cups increase the risk of TSS. However, they recommend following the same hygiene guidelines as for tampon usage, such as washing hands before and after insertion/removal, emptying the cup regularly, and avoiding leaving it in for more than 12 hours. 

Popular Myths on TSS & Menstrual Cup Usage

There are several myths surrounding the link between menstrual cups and TSS. One of the most common is that menstrual cups are more likely to cause TSS than tampons. However, There are not enough research reports or statistics about menstrual cups causing Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) to prove this statement. Another myth is that menstrual cups are not hygienic. This is untrue as long as they are cleaned and sterilized properly. 

What if you get Toxic Shock Syndrome?

If you suspect you have TSS while using a menstrual cup, remove the cup immediately and seek medical attention. TSS can be treated with antibiotics, but early intervention is critical. If you don’t treat Toxic Shock Syndrome on time then it can lead to severe health complications.

Are there any home remedies to get rid of toxic shock syndrome?

There are no home remedies to treat TSS. It requires prompt medical attention and treatment with antibiotics. Do not attempt to treat it yourself.

Tips to use menstrual cup so that you don’t get TSS

To use a menstrual cup safely, follow these tips:

  • Wash your hands before and after inserting/removing the cup.
  • Sterilizing your menstrual cups before using it is important. 
  • Empty the cup every 4-12 hours.
  • Avoid leaving the cup in for more than 12 hours.
  • Replace the cup every 1-2 years or as recommended by the manufacturer.
  • If you experience any unusual symptoms, such as fever or rash.

Best menstrual cups for better health!

Dr. Amgenic takes pride in offering high-quality menstrual cups at an affordable price. Our menstrual cups are made of medical-grade silicone, which is hypoallergenic, durable, and easy to clean. The cups are available to cater to the individual needs of our customers. The ergonomic design of our menstrual cups ensures a comfortable fit, and the leak-proof seal offers all-day protection. Moreover, our menstrual cups are reusable, making them a cost-effective and eco-friendly alternative to traditional menstrual products. Dr. Amgenic strives to provide the best customer service. We believe that every menstruating individual deserves access to safe and affordable menstrual products, and our menstrual cups are designed to meet these needs.


Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) is a rare but serious bacterial infection that can affect anyone, including menstruating individuals who use tampons or menstrual cups. It is crucial to understand the symptoms, causes, and risk factors associated with TSS to prevent its occurrence. While there is no conclusive evidence to suggest that menstrual cups increase the risk of TSS, it is essential to use them safely and hygienically. By following the recommended tips and hygiene guidelines, individuals can continue to use menstrual cups as a safe and eco-friendly alternative to traditional menstrual products. 

-Pankaj Rai.


Disclaimer: These tips are generic, if you feel any symptom of Toxic Shock Syndrome, then must visit an expert and get medical advice and recommendations after thorough diagnosis.

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