How to Clean and Care for Your Menstrual Cup: Tips and Tricks

Menstrual cups are a convenient and eco-friendly alternative to disposable pads and tampons. With proper care and maintenance, menstrual cups can last for years. However, it is essential to clean and care for them correctly to ensure that they remain hygienic and safe to use. In this blog, we will provide a step-by-step guide on how to clean and care for your menstrual cup, including additional tips and tricks.

Importance of using a clean menstrual cup

Using a clean menstrual cup is crucial for maintaining good hygiene and preventing infections. Menstrual cups can harbor bacteria and other pathogens if not cleaned properly, which can lead to vaginal infections, urinary tract infections, or even toxic shock syndrome. It is important to follow proper cleaning and care guidelines to ensure that your menstrual cup remains clean and safe to use.

Impact of using a dirty menstrual cup

Using a dirty or not cleaned menstrual cup can have severe consequences, including infections and toxic shock syndrome (TSS). TSS is a rare but potentially life-threatening condition that can occur when bacteria enter the bloodstream through a tear or cut in the vaginal lining. Symptoms of TSS include fever, vomiting, rash, and organ failure. To prevent TSS, it is crucial to follow proper cleaning and care guidelines for your menstrual cup.

Steps to clean your menstrual cup

There are set instructions that you get from the manufacturer on how to clean your menstrual cup. These steps are necessary to follow to achieve hygiene at an optimum level. Following are these seven steps to ensure that your menstrual cup is cleaned properly: 

Step 1: Wash your hands

Before handling your menstrual cup, make sure to wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water to prevent the transfer of bacteria.

Step 2: Remove the cup

Gently remove the menstrual cup from your body, being careful not to spill its contents. You can do this by gently pulling on the stem or by squeezing the base of the cup to release the suction.

Step 3: Rinse with water

Once you've removed the cup, rinse it with cold water to remove any blood or debris. You can do this in the sink or by using a spray bottle.

Step 4: Wash the cup

Next, wash the menstrual cup with warm water and mild, unscented soap. You can use your fingers or a soft-bristled brush to clean the cup, making sure to clean the entire cup, including the stem and the suction holes. Never use any harsh chemical to wash out the cup.

Step 5: Use hot water

After washing the cup, rinse it thoroughly with hot water to remove any soap residue. This helps to ensure that the cup is clean and free from any residual bacteria or soap.

Step 6: Sterilize

To ensure that your menstrual cup is hygienic and safe to use, it is important to sterilize it regularly. You can do this by boiling the cup in a pot of water for 5-10 minutes. Make sure that the cup is fully submerged in the water and does not touch the bottom or sides of the pot, as this can cause damage to the cup. Use tongs or a spoon to remove the cup from the pot once it is done boiling.

Step 7: Dry out the cup

Finally, allow the menstrual cup to air dry completely before storing it in a clean, dry place. Avoid using towels or tissues to dry the cup, as these can leave behind fibers that can promote bacterial growth. Once the cup is completely dry, store it in a breathable cotton bag or container to protect it from dust and bacteria.

Steps to take care of your menstrual cup

  • Menstrual cups should be stored in a fabric pouch. Also, you can store it in a container that is not airtight. Do not store it in an airtight container or plastic bag, as this can trap moisture and promote the growth of bacteria.
  • Do not expose your menstrual cup to heat, such as direct sunlight, hot water, or a hair dryer. This can damage the cup and reduce its lifespan.
  • Do not use harsh chemicals, such as bleach or vinegar, to clean your menstrual cup. This can cause damage and irritation to the cup and your body.
  • Inspect your menstrual cup regularly for any signs of damage, such as cracks, tears, or discoloration. If you notice any damage, replace your menstrual cup immediately.

Tips to use menstrual cups properly

  • Trim the stem of your menstrual cup if it feels too long or uncomfortable. Make sure to only trim a little at a time and test the cup before trimming further.
  • Use a water-based lubricant to help insert the menstrual cup more easily.
  • Practice inserting and removing the menstrual cup before your period starts to get familiar with how it works.
  • Consider purchasing a menstrual cup cleaner or wipes to use when you don't have access to a sink or soap.


Proper cleaning and care of your menstrual cup are essential for maintaining good hygiene and preventing infections. Menstrual cups are an excellent alternative to traditional sanitary products, and with proper cleaning and care, they can last for years. To ensure that your menstrual cup remains hygienic and safe to use, it is crucial to follow the appropriate instructions. Remember that using a clean menstrual cup is essential for preventing infections and toxic shock syndrome, so always prioritize hygiene and safety when using menstrual cups. By taking care of your menstrual cup, you can enjoy a sustainable, affordable, and healthy menstrual care solution.



-Pankaj Rai.

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